Most Common Causes of Pelvic Pain

If you’re a woman, it’s important for you to have an annual physical that includes a pelvic exam. This regular checkup allows you to get questions answered and gives your doctor an opportunity to screen for signs of trouble. It can help prevent you from developing serious medical problems such as cervical cancer, complications from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or other illnesses and conditions.

At ObGyn Care of Oklahoma in Oklahoma City, Dr. Shaurin Patel is a highly experienced OB/GYN who provides top-notch, compassionate medical care. He takes the time to get to know you and answer all of your questions. If you’re experiencing pelvic pain, Dr. Patel determines the cause and provides you with the treatment you need.

What is pelvic pain?

Pelvic pain is discomfort in the pelvic region, typically lingering pain that lasts over a period of months. It’s estimated that 15% of American women of childbearing age have had pelvic pain that lasted longer than six months. It can be difficult to determine what’s causing this pain without a complete physical examination. 

While pelvic pain can originate from the uterus or female reproductive area, it can also come from other organs in that area of the body. Testing can help pinpoint whether the pain is originating in the appendix, kidney, bowels, colon, or another area. 

What are the most common causes of pelvic pain?

For women, the most common causes of pelvic pain are uterine fibroids and endometriosis. Though they may sound scary and overwhelming, there are treatments for both that can address your symptoms. Treatment can also reduce the chances that you develop a more serious medical condition. 


Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines your uterus grows outside of your uterus. This is the tissue that’s released every month during menstruation. In endometriosis, it’s most likely to grow on your fallopian tubes or your ovaries, but it can appear anywhere in your body. 

In addition to pelvic pain, the symptoms of endometriosis include severe cramps, back pain, constipation, and pain during sex. It can also cause infertility in some women. Treatments can address these symptoms as well as help restore fertility.

There are a number of treatments for endometriosis that include pain relievers and hormone therapy. In more serious cases, surgery might be needed to remove tissue that’s causing problems. Dr. Patel finds the best treatments to address your symptoms and address your underlying condition.

Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are growths on your uterus that can be small or large, but aren’t cancerous. You could have just one fibroid, or several, and they may cause symptoms, or not. 

Many women have fibroids but aren’t aware of them. When fibroids do cause symptoms, they typically include lengthy menstrual periods, pelvic pain, frequent urination, constipation, backache, and heavy menstrual bleeding

The treatments for fibroids include pain relievers, medications that can shrink the size of fibroids, and medications that can help with heavy bleeding. If the fibroids grow large enough to cause problems, surgical procedures, including minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery, can remove the fibroids.

Regular checkups that include pelvic exams can catch illnesses and conditions before they become serious. If you’re experiencing pelvic pain, it’s important to see a doctor immediately to relieve your symptoms and treat the underlying cause. 

To set up an appointment at ObGyn Care of Oklahoma, call one of our two Oklahoma City locations or use our online booking tool. 

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